Wetlands provide critical habitat for migrating birds and most importantly a source of income and nutrition for millions of people in Bangladesh. Currently, and in the future, wetlands are being and will be affected by pressures from climate change, pollution, and land use or land cover change. Wetlands are considered to be vulnerable to climate change if adaptation options are limited and/or the wetlands are sensitive to climate change. Changes in wetlands themselves may also affect at least the local and regional climate.

The coastal wetlands falls under the tracks of the cyclone forming over the Bay of Bengal and suffers almost annually from severe cyclone storms. Salinity is damaging native species, ecological communities and functioning of the coastal wetlands. According to Ramsar convention, the wetland of Sundarban area in very complex and it is recognized as one of the most organic productive area in the world.

According to the wetland researchers, the biggest problem in wetland conservation is not habitat loss or overexploitation but the lack of concern or indifference of the stakeholders to wetland problems. As the Government of Bangladesh signed the Ramsar Convention, they cannot lease out the wetland for monoculture to destroy the biodiversity. Public support is essential to generate political and legislative action, to allocate the required financial resources, and to ensure the successful implementation of wetland legislation and management. CDP considers that the familiarization of Ramsar Convention could be a strategic approach to assist social mobilization and advocacy for ensuring government obligations into actions to ensure rights of the local community for conservation and use of wetland resources. The popularization of the Ramsar Convention can enhance political commitment and public interest to support wetland issues. CDP firmly perceives that popularization of the Ramsar Convention will broaden the stakeholder’s involvement for developing and implementing National Wetland Policies (Resolution VII.6). The biodiversity of coastal wetlands contributes significantly to reduce pressure on the Sundarbans’ resources. Communication, Education and Public Awareness (CEPA) are essential for the conservation of wetlands.